First let me say that Mule Deer are available over the western half of the US, southwest Saskatchewan and some say they've been seen in Minnesota and Missouri. Mule Deer are very adaptable to most kinds of terrain. They can be available at low elevations to above timberline. Probably the most arrid of lands don't provide enough nutrition or water so they are, typically, devoid of Mule Deer.
They're called Mule Deer due to their large ears. They vary colored from dark grey to ash grey. Their rump has a large patch of white and a white patch on the throat. The tail is white but leads to a black tuft of hair.
They've excellent binocular type vision, but appear to be unable to detect you if you stay motionless.
Their large ears provide them with extremely good hearing.
Mule Deer will forage in the valleys or fields but will also feed on ridge tops. They'll go back to their beds just like most animals. Once they have fed and watered they'll bed on ridge slopes, next to rocky outcroppings, in small patches of timbered or brushy areas. It seems the key for their choice of a bedding area is to have something to their back and up sufficient to possess a good look at approaching predators. In Nevada, the primary predators are Mountain Lion and Coyotes. In other areas the predators could be Black Bear, Grizzly Bear, Wolves not to mention man. They appear to love bedding on the north sides of ridges and in the colour tone. This makes it harder to discover them.
You will find bucks in bachelor groups until the start of the rut, in Nevada it's generally late November, they will discontinue from the groups and start gathering their harem of does. Remember that pre-rut, if you notice one buck there are probably more to follow. If you're hunting during the rut then if you notice a group of does there will almost always be a buck together. If you bump several does stay still and be patient, the bucks will show themselves last. If no buck appears then you may have to make a plan to bump him out of hiding, but he'll almost always be there. Should you come in in it very close they'll sit tight hoping the threat will leave. If you're a fair distance away whenever you bump the does, a lot of the time they will leave with, but behind, the does.
You are a bow hunter, spot and stalk hunting is possible but difficult. You'll need quality optics, preferrable a spotting scope and binoculars. Scan the high ridges, brush pockets and rock outcroppings. Once you locate a buck your interested in, work your plan. You will have to use breaks in the terrain, gullies, brush, rocks no matter what can be obtained to put on the stalk. It's best if you can get where you're going round the buck and surprise him from the top. In case your stalk is successful you'll have your best shot opportunity. We all want a nice clean kill shot. If your buck is running, wait until he stops or consume a fair distance back and check out the stalk again. Sometimes it works and sometimes it does not. Persistence pays
If you want a real trophy Mulie, try hunting above the timberline, however, you have to be in excellent condition to hunt our prime elevations. Attempt to perform some pre-season scouting. That will help get you in shape and also help you discover the terrain. Search for heavily used trails. Obtain a strategy. Trophy mulies have to water too, so look for the source water. You might be in a position to save a lot of climbing and you'll likewise be able to set an ambush point. I can not say enough about know where you stand going to hunt, scout it and also have a plan! Sure you can find lucky and catch one out in the open, broadside and unaware you're there.....but don't count on it.